Basically, the CObalance must be approached holistically. It is made up of components generated during vehicle production, the service life phase, disposal and energy supply. Currently, the scenarios vary greatly, making it difficult to develop the right technical solutions. The reasons for this are the imponderables resulting from the time factor and the changes in the traffic behavior of the population. Therefore, in addition to purely electric vehicles, there must also be short-term solutions with conventional drive trains - this makes technical and economic sense.

The aim is to develop solutions for the integration of these energy storage systems, taking into account the current diversity of drive units in the form of three motor types (gasoline, diesel, electric motor), five different types of transmission and at least six different hybrid types. This unstoppable diversity of variants in the drive train requires rethinking: the individual drive components must no longer be viewed separately, but rather integrative approaches are required.